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Don’t know what it all means? We’ve made it easy for you for you to understand with our glossary
1 PMS Colour Printing
2 PMS Colour Printing
Imposed / Imposition
Vector Text and Graphics
Blank or Box Blank
Flexo Folder Gluer
Score or Scoreline:
Scored and Slotted
When artwork is supplied 1-up it is un-imposed. Each printed page is a separate page within the artwork file. When two pages are supplied on the same page in an artwork file, this is considered as being imposed or 2-up.
For a 1 PMS colour print job artwork must be supplied containing only one PMS colour. The PMS colours must be selected from the Pantone Solid Uncoated range.
For a 2 PMS colour print job artwork must be supplied containing exactly two PMS colours. The PMS colours must be selected from the Pantone Solid Uncoated range.
Product does not contain acid and is better for the environment and better for ensuring quality of colours and longevity.
An item that can decompose or breakdown naturally, with microbial action.
There are two types of bleed, External bleed and Internal bleed.
Is when an illustration, background or image is extended beyond the trim edge of the page. This allows for a small amount of movement that may occur when your order is being cut to size. We require 3mm of external bleed on all files (5mm on all magazines/booklets and presentation folders).
Is when all text/important graphics are kept a certain distance in from the trim edge. This is also sometimes referred to as a ‘text safe’ area. This also allows for a small amount of movement that may occur when your order is being cut to size. We require 3mm of internal all files (5mm on all magazines/booklets and presentation folders).
This is the size of your artwork including external bleed.
A margin/strip around the outer edge of the artwork. We recommend that all borders are a minimum of 5mm wide on all trim edges.
This is a plastic film heat bonded to printed products such as booklet covers, business cards and postcards. This provides protection, as well as a matte or gloss finish. It can be applied to one side, or both sides of a printed item. Also sometimes referred to as laminate.
These are the colours used for full-colour printing. Cyan, Magenta and Yellow are subtractive colours. If you combine cyan, magenta and yellow on paper, you will get what is perceived to be black. In order to get strong rich dark colours, black (K) ink is added in increasing proportions, as the colour gets darker and darker thus commercial printing is done in CMYK.
Printing papers that have had a surface clay coating to give a smoother, more even finish with greater opacity. This paper is not recommended for overprinting.
This is the colour setting used to create your artwork. Depending on the software you are using the default colour mode may be either RGB or CMYK. For full colour printing we require all artwork to be in CMYK colour mode.
These are the black marks in the corners of your soft proof. These crop marks show where the job will be trimmed to size. Anything outside of the crop marks will be trimmed off.
This is the final size that your artwork will be trimmed to e.g. the finish size of a DL flyer is 99x210mm.
Any process that occurs after printing. This includes but is not limited to: trimming, folding, stitching, binding, gluing and laminating.
To bend the paper over itself so that one part of the sheet lies on over another part.
A range of grey shades from white to black, as used in a monochrome or single colour printing.
Method of folding where the paper is folded in half down the center of the page.
The arrangement or layout of pages on a printed sheet.
This is a plastic film heat bonded to printed products such as booklet covers, business cards and postcards. This provides protection, as well as a matte or gloss finish. It can be applied to one side, or both sides of a printed item. Also sometimes referred to as celloglaze.
If you have been advised that there may be low-resolution images in your artwork, this means that some or all of the images in your artwork are less than 250ppi. We recommend that all images be supplied at 300ppi for optimum print quality.
A form of booklet making in which all pages are glued along the spine using special adhesive (all of our perfect bound books are created with PUR adhesive). PUR adhesive offers a distinct performance advantage in comparison to regular glues.
The coloured dots that make up the images on a computer or television screen.
PMS colours are standardized colours listed in the Pantone Colour Matching System. Each Pantone colour has a specific code which different printers and manufacturers can refer to in order to ensure colour consistency.
If you have ordered full colour printing but you have upload files that contain Pantone (PMS) Colours, these PMS colour will automatically be converted to CMYK. For this reason, artwork should always be supplied using CMYK colour mode.
When we refer to PP (printed pages), we mean the actual number of printed pages not the number of sheets of paper. For example, an 8pp A4 magazine is 2 x A3 sheets, double sided, folded and saddle stitched to A.
For printing we recommend all artwork is supplied at 300ppi (300 pixels in every square inch). E.g. if you are printing a postcard that is 150x100mm (6×4 inches) you need 1800×1200 pixels for optimum print quality at 300 pixels per inch.
In digital prepress this is the procedure used to analyse or evaluate every component needed to produce a high quality print job.
If you have been advised that there may be rasterised fonts in your artwork, this means that some or all of the text in your artwork is made up of pixels rather than vector.
When creating text in desktop publishing software (e.g. Microsoft Publisher / Adobe InDesign), or vector software (e.g. Adobe Illustrator / Corel Draw), the text is made up of shapes which can be scaled indefinitely without losing quality. However, if a design is saved to an image file format (e.g. JPEG / Tiff), the text automatically becomes rasterised (it is no longer made up of vector shapes, it is now made up of pixels). This means that if you enlarge text it will lose quality.
High resolution rasterised text may look the same as vector text when printed. However, if rasterised text is low-resolution it may appear blurry, jagged or pixelated. If the rasterised text is very low resolution it may appear so blurry and pixelated that it is no longer legible.
This colour mode is the language of computer monitors and TV screens and is not suitable for printing. RGB is based on additive colours – combine red, green and blue light, and you get white light.
If you upload RGB files they will be automatically converted to CMYK. This automatic conversion can slightly change colours. For this reason artwork should always be supplied using CMYK colour mode.
A method of folding in which the two panels on the edges of the page fold in over the center panel.
A form of binding commonly used to create magazines and booklets from 8pp to 72pp (printed pages). The magazine or booklet is stapled through the middle fold of its sheets using two wire staples.
A digital PDF file created from the customers supplied artwork. A soft PDF proof is supplied for every order. The soft PDF proof allows the customer to confirm we are printing the correct file and that the trim marks are in the correct location. For every order the soft proof must be approved prior to printing.
The edge along which the job will be cut to size.
Due to automated systems, there may be a small amount of movement during the printing and trimming of your job. This can result in your job being trimmed 1-2mm either side of the trim edge. For this reason we require 3mm for most items (5mm of bleed for magazines/booklets and presentation folders).
Printing papers that have had a surface without clay coating, also called bond or laser bond. An example of an uncoated paper would be a letterhead.
Text and graphics created using mathematical equations that define geometric shapes. You can enlarge vector text and graphics indefinitely without losing quality.
A method of folding in which each fold opens in the opposite direction to its neighbor, giving a pleated effect.
Substance used to hold plies of solid fiberboard together; to hold linerboard to the tips of flutes of corrugated medium; or to hold overlapping flaps together to form the joint or to close a box.
Ability of containerboard or combined board to be folded along scorelines without rupture of the surface fibers to the point of seriously weakening the structure.
A flat sheet of corrugated board that has been cut, scored, and slotted, but not yet glued together.
Distinctive configuration of a box design, without regard to size. A name or number identifies styles in common use.
Types of paperboard used to manufacture folding cartons and set up (rigid) boxes.
Shipping unit of two or more boxes grouped together, usually with plastic banding.
Usually expressed in thousandths of an inch (mils) or sometimes referred to as “points.” Caliper measurements are also used as an indirect measure of manufacturing quality.
Thin, stiff pasteboard used in the creation of playing cards, signs, etc. Term is often misused to refer to Boxboard (folding cartons) and Containerboard (corrugated boxes).
Corrugated or solid fiberboard box as used by the packaging industry.
Paperboard generally made from recycled paper stock. Uses include backing sheets for padded writing paper, partitions within boxes, and the center ply or plies of solid fiberboard.
Corrugated box’s resistance to uniformly applied external forces. Top-to-bottom compression strength is related to the load a container may encounter when stacked. End-to-end or side-to-side compression may also be of interest for particular applications.
Machine that unwinds two or more continuous sheets of containerboard from rolls, presses flutes into the sheet(s) of corrugating medium, applies adhesive to the tips of the flutes and affixes the sheet(s) of linerboard to form corrugated board. Continuous sheet of board may be slit to desired widths, cut off to desired lengths and scored in one direction.
Style of fiberboard trays or caps having flaps scored, folded and secured at flange side walls forming the depth, as opposed to a slotted style having a set of major and minor closing flaps.
Delivery in full on time.
For regular slotted containers (RSC), box dimensions are expressed as length x width x height, always using inside dimensions.
Corrugated board construction where two layers of medium are glued between three layers of flat linerboard facing.
Sheets of linerboard used as the flat outer members of combined corrugated board. Sometimes called inside and outside liners.
General term describing combined paperboard (corrugated or solid) used to manufacture containers.
Extension of the side wall panels that, when sealed, close the remaining openings of a box. Usually defined by one scoreline and three edges.
Machine, usually capable or running at high speed that prints, folds, cuts, and glues sheets of corrugated board, converting them into shipping boxes.
The wavy layer of corrugated medium that is glued between the flat inner and outer sheets of linerboard to create corrugated board. Fluting generally runs parallel to the height of a shipping box. Flute sizes come in A, B, C, D, E, and F.
The opposite edges of the blank glued, stapled, wire stitched, or taped together to form a box.
German word meaning “strength”, designating pulp, paper, or paperboard produced from wood fibers.
Creased fiberboard sheet inserted as a sleeve in a container and covering all side walls. Used to provide extra stacking strength or cushioning.
Flat sheets of paper that comprise the outer surfaces of a sheet of corrugated board.
Paperboard used to make the fluted layer of corrugated board.
Design feature wherein the top and/or bottom flaps of a box do not butt, but extend one over the other. The amount of overlap is measured from flap edge to flap edge.
Corrugated or solid fiberboard sheet, or sheet of other authorized material, used for extra protection or for separating tiers or layers of articles when packed for shipment.
Securing and loading containers on pallets for shipment as a single unit load, typically for handling by mechanical equipment.
A “face” or “side” of a box.
One of the two major product categories of the paper industry, Containerboard and Boxboard. Includes the broad classification of materials made of cellulose fibers, primarily wood pulp and recycled paper stock, on board machines. (The other major product group of the paper industry is paper, including printing and writing papers, packaging papers, newsprint and tissue.)
Set of corrugated, solid fiberboard or chipboard pieces that interlock when assembled to form a number of cells into which articles may be placed for shipment.
Any of the several layers of linerboard or solid fiberboard.
Term used to describe the thickness or caliper of paperboard, where one point equals one thousandth of an inch.
Puncture resistance of combined board indicates the ability of the finished container to withstand external and internal point pressure forces and to protect the product during rough handling. This method is used on heavy double wall and triple wall as an alternative to burst.
Impression or crease in corrugated or solid fiberboard, made to position and facilitate folds.
Sheet of corrugated fiberboard with one or more scorelines, slots or slits. May be further defined as a box blank, a box part, a tray or wrap, a partition piece, or an inner packing piece.
Junction created by any free edge of a container flap or panel where it abuts or rests on another portion of the container and to which it may be fastened by tape, stitches or adhesive in the process of closing the container.
Boxes that have been squared, with one set of end flaps sealed, ready to be filled with product. An article that is packed for shipment in a fully assembled or erected form.
Cut made in a fiberboard sheet without removal of material.
Cut made in a fiberboard sheet through only a portion of the thickness in a box blank to allow its flaps and sides to be folded into a shipping box.
Flat sheet of material used as a base upon which goods and materials may be assembled, stored and transported.
Wide cut, or pair of closely spaced parallel cuts including removal of a narrow strip of material made in a fiberboard sheet, usually to form flaps and permit folding without bulges caused by the thickness of the material.
Maximum compressive load a container can bear over a given length of time, under given environmental/distribution conditions, without failing.
At Pakko, we are happy to help
Business Card Boxes
Entry Form Boxes
Plain Folding Cartons
Spare Parts Boxes
Type of materials
How to measure your box
Type Of Materials
How To Measure Your Box
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